It is surrounded by Guadalupe, Chandler and Mesa. It is named after the vale of Temp. The area covered by the city is 40.2 sq. mile (102.30 km2). 0.1 sq. mile (0.26 km2) of total land is covered by water. The city comprises of 172816 inhabitants. Male proportion in the population is 52.2 percent and that of female is 47.8 percent. Population density is 4067 / sq. mile. The median resident age is 28.7 years. 81.5 percent population is Caucasian, 5.2 percent is African American, 7.6 percent is Asian, 2.3 percent is American Indian, and 0.5 percent belongs to different races.42 percent of the population comprises of youth. English (69 percent), Spanish (24 percent) and 7 percent other languages are spoken by the people. The average household size is 2.81 and the average family size is 4. 67 percent of the population is of Hispanic or Latino origin.
The education system of the area consists of several schools Districts and professional institutes including Universities. Prominent educational institutions of the city are Temp Elementary School District, Kyrene School District, and Scottsdale Unified School District. The city has Arizona State University that provides state of the art and advanced education to the residents of the city. Most of the population is attaining Bachelor’s degree. There is a public library in the city that serves people at large scale.
The per Capita income in the city is $26143 that is 5 percent lower than the national Income per Capita. The median household income is $48565 and the median income occupied by owner is $51162. Major industries in Tempe are health care and education industry, the retail service industry, the construction industry, the food services, waste management services, technical services and the transportation industry. Major employers of the city are Insight Enterprises, Limelight networks, First Solar, Mobile Mini and others. Unemployment rate is 7.9 percent in the area that is lower than the national average. 14 percent of the inhabitants are living below poverty level that is 16 percent lower than the national poverty level.
The Economic Development Team facilitates the investors and guides them for the expansion of business. The team helps companies by finding tax saving programs and chooses suitable locations. The team also introduces companies to the new investors. Sales tax is low as compared to the country. There is Temp Chamber of Commerce who looks after the business community issues and overall economic situation of the city.
The city is a center of technological advancement. Most of the companies use state of the art technologies to carry out their operations. The sector provides 20 percent of the total employment. The city is administered by a commission with Mayor as its head. Members of the council are elected by the residents for a period of two years. The council arranged meetings with the stakeholders to discuss the community issues and trying to find solutions of the problems. They focused on the efficient management of the resources of the city.