It possesses an area of 517.948 sq. mile (1341.48 km2) which comprises of 516.704l land area and water covered an area of 1.244 sq. mile (3.22 km2). It is situated 1085 ft (648 m) above the sea level. Phoenix is one of the most populous cities of the county and has population of 1563025 and Population density is 3237 / sq. mile. Male proportion in the population is 50 percent and female is 50 percent. The median resident age is 32.8 years. 66.5 percent population is Caucasian, 3.2 percent are Asian, 6.5 percent is American Indian, and 1.9 percent of total population belongs to different races. 22 percent of the inhabitants comprises of youth. English is used by 64 percent people for communication, 31 percent used Spanish and 5 percent uses other languages for the purpose. Christianity is practiced as the major religion in the city but Judaism, Islam, Hinduism also practiced in territory. The average household size is 2.37 and the average family size is 2.80. Total housing units in the area are 590149.
Phoenix, as a metropolitan city has good literacy rate and better education facilities s compared to its neighbors. Both public and private institutions served the city in this regard. Although number of public schools is greater than charter schools in the territory but quality of education never compromised. There are more than 200 hundred elementary schools and 30 high schools in the city. Approximately, 27000 students are currently enrolled in the Phoenix Union High School District. In post secondary education, Arizona State University is the major institution that providing state of the art high professional education. Under its supervision different faculties are working to provide quality education.
Infrastructure is quite necessary for the development of the city. A lot of work has done in this regard. The city has an international airport, rail and bus station, metro station and freeways. Many health centers are operated in the city including Arizona Heart institute, Mayo Clinic, St. Joseph Hospital etc.
The economy of the city is majorly dependent on agriculture, Harbor, real estate and services based industry. The per Capita income in the town is $24110 that is lower than the national Income per Capita. The median household income is $47866 and the median income occupied by owner is $54804. The city had a GDP of over $215 billion. Real Estate sector, Finance and Insurance services, Healthcare are major industries in the city. Media industry is an emerging industry in the area. Besides these, tourism and sports industry also contributed to the Capital of the city.
The city is governed by the city council that comprises of a mayor and eight council members. All these members are elected via election from their respective districts. Government provides health facilities, business friendly environment, postal facilities, community police, utilities, transportation facilities, fire fighting services to the people for their well being and prosperous life.