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Laveen is situated within the city of Phoenix in Maricopa County, Arizona. This urban village is located between South Mountain and the junction of the Gila and Salt rivers. The territory comprises about 48 square miles.
Laveen is divided into parts, that form an unincorporated community in Maricopa County, and the parts, nestling within the city of Phoenix, making the city’s “Laveen Village”. Though Laveen’s main industry was agriculture, producing pastoral alfalfa and cotton and developing dairy farms since the 1880s, the area is being urbanized by commercial expansions and housing.
The territory of Laveen was first inhabited by farmers and dairymen in 1884. Though the community is neighboring with Phoenix, it was sequestered by the Salt River, until the Roosevelt Dam was completed in 1911, which was established both for water and electricity supply. It was only the Central Avenue which had a bridge, crossing the territories. Being isolated, initial Laveen was independent from Phoenix and became relatively self-sufficing by establishing two general stores.
Such businesses as barbershop, repair garage and pool halls helped to create gathering places for the greater Laveen community, which incorporates nowadays south Phoenix and the adjacent Gila River Indian Community (GRIC).
In 1900s, Walter E. Laveen arrived to the area with his family and inhabited the territory comprising all four corners of modern 51st Avenue and Dobbins Road. The first general store was built by the family and named the Laveen Store. The family donated land neighboring to their store for a school, which was constructed in 1913 and named Laveen School. Another store, named the Del Monte Market, was constructed in 1908 at 27th Avenue and Dobbins Road and is considered the oldest building in Laveen, which still exits nowadays.
In 1915, the community was called Laveen. In March 1918, Walter Laveen was selected to be the area’s first postmaster, the post office being operating within the store building. Laveen was later appointed as Sheriff in Pinal County, Arizona.
Laveen became less sequestered considering that bridges were constructed across the Salt River.
Laveen has very dry climate, summer temperature may rise till 46 °C.
The village has its Elementary School District.